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开局“十四五” 开启新征程——从2020年中央经济工作会议看以习近平同志为核心的党中央谋划“十四五”开局起步
青岛政务网 发布日期 : 2020-12-22 来源 : 新华社
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  youzhisuimo,yinianyidudezhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyiqiandongquanqiumuguang。jinniandehuiyi,beijingteshu、jiedianguanjian、yiyizhongda。

  12yue16rizhi18ri。beijing,jingxibinguan。

  zhanzai“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaodelishijiaohuidianshang,2020nianzhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyimouhuazhezhongguojingjifazhandaji。

  xijinpingzongshujizaihuishangfabiaolezhongyaojianghua,shenkefenxiguoneiwaijingjixingshi,tichu2021nianjingjigongzuozongtiyaoqiuhezhengcequxiang,bushuzhongdianrenwu,weikaiju“shisiwu”、kaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengchengdingxianglinghang。

  彪炳史册——非常之年非常成就,以习近平同志为核心的党中央团结带领亿万人民奋勇拼搏,交出一份人民满意、世界瞩目、可以载入史册的答卷

  “jibupingfan”——zaizheicizhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyishang,xijinpingzongshujiyongzheiyiguanjiancigaikuo2020nian,qiangdiao“jinnianshixinzhongguolishishangjibupingfandeyinian”。

  zailiangtianbandehuiyishang,yuhuitongzhimenhuigujijiangguoqudezheiyinianshi,fenwaigankai。“yige‘ji’zi,baohanlebolanzhuangkuo、wanqianfengxian、kegekeqi、huihuangchengjiudengfengfuneirong。”youtongzhizheiyangshuo。

  huiyifenxizhichu,jinnianquanqiujingjizaoshoudechongjijibutongyu1929nianjingjidaxiaotiao,yebutongyu2008nianguojijinrongweijimanyandailaideyingxiang,ershimianlinzhegongjizhongduanhexuqiuweisuodeshuangzhongchongji,kunnankeweiqiansuoweiyou。

  zhongguojingjiyudaoleshijihanjiandesanzhongyanzhongchongji:

  yishibainianbuyudexinguanfeiyanyiqingturanbaofa,ershishijiejingjixianrudiercishijiedazhanjieshuyilaizuiyanzhongdeshuaitui,sanshiyixieguojiaezhidayaquanmianshengji,waibuhuanjingdailaijudatiaozhan。

  “lvxiankongzhiyiqing”“lvxianfugongfuchan”“lvxianshixianjingjizengzhangyoufuzhuanzheng”,zheicihuiyiyong“sangelvxian”,goulechujinnianzhongguojingjishehuifazhanzoushidexianmingtedian。

  “在三重严重冲击下实现‘三个率先’,中国打了一场漂亮仗,并实现了‘三大收获’:收获了丰硕的物质成果;收获了精神财富;收获了大大提高的国际影响力。我们的凝聚力、向心力大大提高。”一位与会同志感慨说。

  mianduiyanjunfuzadeguojixingshi、jianjufanzhongdeguoneigaigefazhanwendingrenwutebieshixinguanfeiyanyiqingdeyanzhongchongji,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangbaochizhanlvedingli,zhunquepanduanxingshi,jingxinmouhuabushu,guoduancaiquxingdong,fuchujiankunuli,jiaochuleyifenrenminmanyi、shijiezhumu、keyizairushicededajuan。

  ——zhongguochengweiquanqiuweiyishixianjingjizhengzengzhangdezhuyaojingjiti。yijiduweisuo6.8%,erjiduzhuanweizengzhang3.2%,sanjiduhuishengzhi4.9%,zhongguojingjiyunxingzhujigaishan,zhubuhuifuchangtai,quannianjingjizongliangjiangtupo100wanyiyuan。kejichuangxinqudezhongdajinzhan,guanjianhexinjishugongguanbufajiakuai,xindongnengxinyetaibuduanyongxian。zhongguojingjixianshichuqiangdadekangfengxiannengli、wanqiangderenxing。

  ——三大攻坚战取得决定性成就。年初剩余的551万农村贫困人口全部脱贫、52个贫困县全部摘帽。生态环境质量持续改善,绿色发展势头良好。一批重大风险隐患“精准拆弹”,金融风险处置取得重要阶段性成果。

  ——gaigekaifangshixianzhongyaotupo。hainanzimaogangjianshedengzhongdagaigekaifangjucuoluxutuichu,waimaojinchukouheliyongwaizinishizengzhang,gongjian“yidaiyilu”wenbutuijin,quyuquanmianjingjihuobanguanxixiedingchenggongqianshu,gaigekaifangzaixindeqidianshangzaichufa。

  ——民生得到有力保障。城镇新增就业超过1100万人,居民收入增长和经济增长基本同步。文化旅游、社会保障、公共卫生、应急管理、社会治理、保障性住房等事业取得新进展,社会发展领域补短板工作加快推进。市场供应充裕,价格基本稳定。

  11月11日,在深圳举行的第二十二届中国国际高新技术成果交易会(高交会)上,参观者在中广核展台了解“华龙一号”核电技术。新华社记者 毛思倩 摄

  2020nian,yeshi“shisanwu”guihuashouguanzhinian。jingguo5nianchixufendou,woguojingjishehuifazhanqudexindelishixingchengjiu,jingjishili、kejishili、zongheguoliherenminshenghuoshuipingyouyueshangxindedataijie,quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuishenglizaiwang,zhonghuaminzuweidafuxingxiangqianmaichulexindeyidabu。

  “woguozaishijiejingjishuaituizhongdingfengpolang,keyizihaodixiezaizhonghuaminzufazhanshishang”“gaozhiliangdahaoyiqingfangkongkaojuan,qianfangbaijiwenzhujingjijibenpan,quanmianzhanshile‘zhongguozhizhi’dexianzhuyoushi”……zaifenzutaolunshi,duizheiyinianjiannanxingshihequdedefeifanchengjiu,yuhuitongzhimentanderelie、ganshoushenqie。

  lijingjiannanxianzu,chengjilaizhibuyi,zheishiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangjianqianglingdaodejieguo,shiquandangquanguogezurenmintuanjiefenzhandejieguo。

  huanguquanqiu,“zhongguozhizhi”yu“xifangzhiluan”duibigengjiaxianming,renminqunzhongfazineixinyonghudangdelingdao,gengjiashenqieganshoudaoshehuizhuyizhiduyouyuexing,gengjiayouzhongdiweiweidazuguogandaojiaoao。

  珍贵启示——重大关头重大考验,深化对在严峻挑战下做好经济工作的规律性认识,“五个根本”内涵深刻、饱含启迪

  huiyiqiangdiaozhichu,zaitongchouguoneiguojilianggedaju、tongchouyiqingfangkonghejingjishehuifazhandeshijianzhong,womenshenhualeduizaiyanjuntiaozhanxiazuohaojingjigongzuodeguilvxingrenshi:

  “dangzhongyangquanweishiweinanshikequandangquanguogezurenminyingnanershangdegenbenyikao”;

  “renminzhishangshizuochuzhengquejuezedegenbenqianti”;

  “zhiduyoushishixingchenggongkeshijianbangboliliangdegenbenbaozhang”;

  “kexuejuecehechuangzaoxingyingduishihuaweiweijidegenbenfangfa”;

  “kejiziliziqiangshicujinfazhandajudegenbenzhicheng”;

  huiyitichudezhei“wugegenben”jingyan,zongjieguowang、qidiweilai。

  “zhei‘wugegenben’shiguilv,yeshijingyan,shiwomentongchoujingjishehuifazhan、congshenglizouxiangshenglidegenbenzunxun。”yuhuitongzhizaitaolunzhongpubianrenwei,zheishixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijingjisixiangzuixinchengguodegaodugaikuo。

  zai“wugegenben”zhong,“dangzhongyangquanweishiweinanshikequandangquanguogezurenminyingnanershangdegenbenyikao”zheiyitiaoshitongling,shiguanjian。

  会议鲜明指出,在重大历史关头,重大考验面前,党中央的判断力、决策力、行动力具有决定性作用。

  “zhongguohuaweiweiji、nifengpolangqudedefeifanchengjiu,bushiouran、bushiyunqi,zuigenbenzaiyuyouxijinpingzongshujihedangzhongyangdelinghangzhangduo。”yiweiwenjianqicaozuchengyuanzheiyangbiaoshi。

  从拍板决策实施武汉封城到有序复工复产,从举国之力打好疫情防控阻击战到坚决打赢脱贫攻坚战……面对多重复合型冲击,习近平总书记以非常之举应对非常之难,沉着应对、科学决策,运筹帷幄、兑现承诺,发挥了定海神针和领导核心作用,以大思路大格局应对大变局,再次彰显了卓越的治国理政能力。

  “jinnianqudedelishixingchengjiu,shixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzaijutishijianzhongdejudachenggong、fengshuochengguo。”yuhuitongzhizaifenzutaolunshiyouzhongdishuo。

  “renminzhishang”“zhiduyoushi”“kexuejuecehechuangzaoxingyingdui”“kejiziliziqiang”……meiyige“genben”doushibaohanqishi。zheixiemizuzhenguidebaoguijingyan,jilizherenmenshizhongfenyongpinbo,yinlingzhongguojingjishehuifazhanfengyuwuzuxiangqianjin。

  lanyueergui,zhumengqianxing。

  “zheishifahuixinxingjuguotizhiyoushigongjiankenanqudedeyouyizhongdachengjiu”,12yue17ri,xijinpingzongshujizhuanmenzhidiandaibiaodangzhongyang、guowuyuanhezhongyangjunweizhuhetanyuegongchengchangewuhaorenwuqudeyuanmanchenggong。

  会议召开期间,携带约2公斤月壤的嫦娥五号探测器成功归来,引起了与会人员的关注和热议。

  “kejiziliziqiangshicujinfazhandajudegenbenzhicheng,zheiyitiaowomentihuizhiweishenke。”yiweilaizikejibumendecanhuitongzhibiaoshi,cong“fendouzhe”haowanchengwanmihaishidao“jiuzhang”liangzijisuanjiyanzhiqudezhongdajinzhan,yixiliechuangxinchengjiuzailinjinniandideshanliangdengchang,yinzhengzhezhongguogaozhiliangfazhankengqiangyoulidebufa。

  “meicicanhui,meicitingxijinpingzongshujijianghua、bushugongzuo,xinxinjiugengjiajianding!”“dazhandakaokanhexin,jianqiangdezhuxingulingrenxinlai!”yuhuitongzhidouyouzheiyangdeshenkeganchu,youyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangdejianqianglingdao,shenrulinghuiguanche“wugegenben”guilvjingyan,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyejiuyidingnengliyububaizhidi,buduanchuangzaochuxindegengdaqiji。

  kaituoxinju——xindeqidianxindefendou,goujianxinfazhangejumingnianyaomaihaodiyibu,jiandaoxinqixiang

  pibozhanlang,zhongguojingjihangchuanshiruxindezhuangkuohaiyu。

  2021nianshiwoguoxiandaihuajianshejinchengzhongjuyouteshuzhongyaoxingdeyinian——“shisiwu”kaiju,quanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengchengkaiqi。

  danqianjindedaolujuefeitantu,yuejiejinshenglidebianmianlindekaoyanyeyueyanjun,bukebimianzaoyujiliuxiantan。

  fangyanquanqiu,zaichaochangguicijizhengce、dijishuheyimiaojinzhandengyinsugongtongzuoyongxia,mingnianshijiejingjiyouwangchuxianhuifuxingzengzhang,danbainianweiyouzhidabianjujinrujiasuyanbianqi,xingshiyirancuozongfuza,yiqingchongjidaozhidegeleiyanshengfengxianburonghushi。

  huanguguonei,zhongguojingjichixufusu、xingshixianghao,danyiqingbianhuahewaibuhuanjingcunzaizhuduobuquedingxing,jingjihuifujichushangbulaogu,mingnianjingjizengsukenenghuichengxianqiangaohouditaishi,ruhebaochijingjiyunxingzaiheliqujianshiyidakaoyan。

  “mianduifuzayanjundewaibuhuanjing,guanjianshiyaobanhaozijideshi。”

  “womenyaozengqiangyouhuanyishi,jiandingbishengxinxin,tuidongjingjichixuhuifuhegaozhiliangfazhan。”

  zhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyishang,xijinpingzongshujidejianghuagaowujianling,zhiyinhangxiang,duimingnianjingjigongzuotichuzongtiyaoqiuhezhengcequxiang——

  jianchiwenzhongqiujingongzuozongjidiao,lizuxinfazhanjieduan,guanchexinfazhanlinian,goujianxinfazhangeju,yituidonggaozhiliangfazhanweizhuti,yishenhuagongjicejiegouxinggaigeweizhuxian,yigaigechuangxinweigenbendongli,yimanzurenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaoweigenbenmude……

  hongguanzhengceyaobaochilianxuxing、wendingxing、kechixuxing。yaojixushishijijidecaizhengzhengcehewenjiandehuobizhengce,baochiduijingjihuifudebiyaozhichilidu,zhengcecaozuoshangyaogengjiajingzhunyouxiao,bujizhuanwan,bawohaozhengceshiduxiao……

  goujianxinfazhangeju——zheishibencizhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyibushugongzuozhongdexianmingzhixiang。

  “mingnianjingjigongzuoyaoweiraogoujianxinfazhangejulaizhankai。”xijinpingzongshujizaihuishangzheiyangmingqueyaoqiu,“goujianxinfazhangejumingnianyaomaihaodiyibu,jiandaoxinqixiang。”

  huiyitichujiakuaigoujianyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju,yaojinjinniuzhugongjicejiegouxinggaigezheitiaozhuxian,zhuzhongxuqiuceguanli,datongdudian,buqiduanban,guantongshengchan、fenpei、liutong、xiaofeigehuanjie,xingchengxuqiuqianyingongji、gongjichuangzaoxuqiudegenggaoshuipingdongtaipingheng。

  yigoujianxinfazhangejuweitongling,huiyitichumingnianjingjigongzuobaxiangzhongdianrenwu:qianghuaguojiazhanlvekejililiang;zengqiangchanyeliangongyinglianzizhukekongnengli;jianchikuodaneixuzheigezhanlvejidian;quanmiantuijingaigekaifang;jiejuehaozhongzihegengdiwenti;qianghuafanlongduanhefangzhizibenwuxukuozhang;jiejuehaodachengshizhufangtuchuwenti;zuohaotandafeng、tanzhonghegongzuo。

  yuhuitongzhirenwei,xijinpingzongshujidezhongyaojianghuagaowujianling、sixiangshensui,jizhiminglefangxiang、youmingquelelujing,jizonglanquanju、youtuchuzhongdian,shenkechanmingleyixiliefangxiangxing、genbenxing、quanjuxingwenti。

  “qianghuaguojiazhanlvekejililiang”beifangzaibadazhongdianrenwuzhishou。ciqian,“shisiwu”guihuajianyizhongyebakejichuangxinbaizaigexiangrenwudeshouwei。mianduiriqujiliedequanqiukejijingzheng,huiyiqiangdiaoyaochongfenfahuiguojiazuoweizhongdakejichuangxinzuzhizhedezuoyong,jianchizhanlvexingxuqiudaoxiang,quedingkejichuangxinfangxianghezhongdian,zhelijiejuezhiyueguojiafazhanheanquandezhongdananti,zhuahaorencaihejizhilianggeguanjiandian。

  chanyeliangongyingliananquanwendingshigoujianxinfazhangejudejichu。huiyitichushishihaoguanjianhexinjishugongguangongcheng,jinkuaijiejueyipi“kabozi”wenti,zaichanyeyoushilingyujinggengxizuo,gaochugengduodumenjueji……buduanbanduanzhangban,jingzhunshice。

  “zhongzihegengdiwenti”dedaokongqianzhongshi。congbaozhangliangshianquandezhanlvejiaodu,huiyiqiangdiaoyaokaizhanzhongyuan“kabozi”jishugongguan,lizhidayichangzhongyefanshenzhang。yaolaolaoshouzhu18yimugengdihongxian,jianjueezhigengdi“feinonghua”、fangzhi“feilianghua”,guifangengdizhanbupingheng。

  “qianghuafanlongduanhefangzhizibenwuxukuozhang”guanxizhangyuan、guangshouguanzhu。huiyimingquezhichu,fanlongduan、fanbuzhengdangjingzheng,shiwanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhi、tuidonggaozhiliangfazhandeneizaiyaoqiu。mingqueguojiazhichipingtaiqiyechuangxinfazhan、zengqiangguojijingzhengli,tongshiqiangdiaoyaojiaqiangguizhi,tishengjianguannengli,jianjuefanduilongduanhebuzhengdangjingzhengxingwei。

  “jiejuehaodachengshizhufangtuchuwenti”shiguanbaixingfuzhi。zheicihuiyiqiangdiaojianchi“fangzhubuchao”zhengcedingwei,bingjingzhunzhenduijinqi“danqiaogongyu”dengwenti,mingquetichuyao“jiakuaiwanshanzhangzufangzhengce,zhubushizugouzhufangzaixiangshougonggongfuwushangjuyoutongdengquanli,guifanfazhanzhangzufangshichang”……

  jianchikuodaneixuzheigezhanlvejidian,quanmiantuijingaigekaifang,zuohaotandafeng、tanzhonghegongzuo……

  zheiyixiliezhongdianrenwujianchiwentidaoxianghemubiaodaoxiang,youlihuiyingshehuiguanqie。

  fenzutaolunzhong,yuhuitongzhiweiraoxijinpingzongshujizhongyaojianghuahebushurenwuyongyuefayan,conggezizhuanyeshijiaochangtanruheluoshihaomingnianjingjigongzuozhongdianrenwu,huichangqifenrelie。

  yuhuitongzhibiaoshi,xijinpingzongshujizhongyaojianghuatixianleduifuzaxingshidekexuebawo,duifazhanguilvdeshenkedongcha,duifazhanmubiaodejingzhunmouhua,weiquanmiantuijingaozhiliangfazhantigonglegenbenzunxun,weiquebaomingniangoujianxinfazhangeju“maihaodiyibu,jiandaoxinqixiang”zhimingfangxiang。

  dizhuzhongliu——wanzhongyixinbudiaoyizhi,jiaqiangdangduijingjigongzuodequanmianlingdao,zhenzhuashiganbagexiangjuecebushuguanchedaojingjigongzuogefangmian

  kaiqixinhangcheng,kaoshenmeyingduijingtaohailang、yiwangwuqian?

  dangdelingdao,shizuohaodangheguojiagexianggongzuodegenbenbaozheng,shizhanshengyiqiekunnanhefengxiande“dinghaishenzhen”。

  xijinpingzongshujizaizheicihuiyishangqiangdiao,shiyingxinfazhanjieduan、guanchexinfazhanlinian、goujianxinfazhangeju,bixujiaqiangdangdequanmianlingdao,jianchihewanshandanglingdaojingjishehuifazhandetizhijizhi,baochiquandangbudiaoyizhi。

  zuohaojingjigongzuo,shiwomendangzhiguolizhengdezhongdarenwu。

  “dangdelingdaozaijingtaohailangzhongjianrupanshi”“feifanchengjiudebeihou,zaiyuquanguorenmindegongtongnuli,zaidangdelingdaoxiaxingchengleqiangdadezhandouli”“quanmianzhanshi‘zhongguozhizhi’dexianzhuyoushi”……huiyiqijian,“jiaqiangdangduijingjigongzuodequanmianlingdao”chengweigefenzutaolundegongshi。

  zhanwang“shisiwu”、fangyandiergebainianfendoumubiao,womenxuyaojixudilifenjin、kaituojinqu。xingshiyuefuza,renwuyuejianju,jiuyuelibukaizhongguogongchandangzheigezhiyinfangxiangdezhinanzhen、ningxinjulidezhuxingu,yueyaojianchihejiaqiangdangdequanmianlingdao。

  dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhuiqiangdiao,shixian“shisiwu”guihuahe2035nianyuanjingmubiao,bixujianchidangdequanmianlingdao,chongfendiaodongyiqiejijiyinsu,guangfantuanjieyiqiekeyituanjiedeliliang,xingchengtuidongfazhandeqiangdaheli。

  jiaqiangdangduijingjigongzuodequanmianlingdao,yaozengqiangzhengzhiyishi,tigaozhengzhizhanwei——

  zheicizhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyiqiangdiao,yao“zhongshicongjiangzhengzhidegaoduzuojingjigongzuo”“shanyuyongzhengzhiyanguangguanchahefenxijingjishehuiwenti”“yaotigaozhengzhiminganduhezhengzhijianbieli,shanyudongchajingjihuodongdezhengzhihouguo”。

  yifenbushu,jiufenluoshi。duidangzhongyangjuecebushu,yaozhuazhubufang、henzhualuoshi,bunengguanghankouhao、bujianluoshi,gengbunenggaoxingshizhuyi、guanliaozhuyi。duiguancheluoshidangzhongyangjuecebushudeqingkuang,yaokaizhanbiyaodeducha、dudao,danxiangguangongzuoyaoguifanjinxing,jiangqiushixiao。

  jiaqiangdangduijingjigongzuodequanmianlingdao,yaotigaozhuanyehuanengli,nulichengweilingdaogoujianxinfazhangejudexingjialishou——

  rencaiju,dangfangxing。kejibiangesuduhenkuai,jingjishehuihuodongfuzaxingquanmianshangsheng,ruguoduikejibianhuaqushibuzhangwo,duixinxinglingyuqingkuangbulejie,duiqunzhongqidaihesuqiubianhuameiyouganjue,jiuwufajiayuhaojingjigongzuo,yewufalingdaoxiandaihuajianshe。

  jiaqiangdangduijingjigongzuodequanmianlingdao,yaozhuahaofazhanheanquanliangjiandashi——

  kaiqixinzhengcheng,woguofazhanjinruyigefengxianyifaduofaqi,gezhongmaodunhewentixianghujiaozhi,yaobengjinanquanfazhanzheigenxian。

  mianduiqianjindaolushangdexintiaozhan,gejidangweihezhengfuyaochangguandashi、changsidaju,jianchidixiansiwei、zengqiangyouhuanyishi,zuohao“kaidingfengchuan”desixiangzhunbeihegongzuozhunbei,xiahaoxianshouqi,dahaozhudongzhang。yanmifangfanyixiezhongdianlingyu“huixiniu”“heitiane”shijian,zhulaofangfanhuajiegeleifengxianyinhuande“tongqiangtiebi”。

  suimonianchu,yaobagexianggongzuozhuajinzhuashi。yiqingfangkongyaohaobufangsongzhuahao“waifangshuru、neifangfandan”gongzuo,yanfangsishou,quebaobuchuxianguimoxingshuruhefandan;yaoanpaihao“liangjie”shichanggongying,quebaojibenminsheng,zuohaokunnanquntidoudigongzuo……

  banhaozhongguodeshi,guanjianzaidang,guanjianzairen。

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